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Inclusion in Early years

What Do We Need to Know to Meet the Needs of All Learners? So asks Associate Dr Sarah Moseley

In the quest for inclusion in early childhood education, the framework of Universal Design for Learning (UDL) emerges as a powerful tool.

UDL promotes the creation of learning environments that cater to the diverse needs of all learners by offering multiple means of representation, engagement, and expression. Embracing UDL principles ensures that educational settings are not only accessible but also welcoming and conducive to learning for every child.

Recognising and embracing diversity among learners is not only a moral imperative but also essential for fostering an environment that nurtures the growth and development of every child. In early years education, laying the foundation for inclusivity is crucial, setting the stage for a lifetime of learning and social interaction.

So, what do we need to know to ensure that our early years settings are truly inclusive and cater to the needs of all learners?

Understanding Diversity

Inclusion begins with a deep understanding of the diverse needs, strengths, and abilities of each child.

We must understand that neurodiversity includes a wide range of cognitive functions, such as autism, ADHD, dyslexia, and other neurological variances.

These differences do not signify deficits; instead, they reflect diverse ways of thinking, perceiving, and experiencing the world.

Embracing these differences fosters an inclusive environment where every child’s unique strength and ability are valued and supported can be created.

By recognising and celebrating neurodiversity, we can contribute to creating a nurturing space that respects individuality and promotes the holistic development of their children within the early years of education. Communication, understanding, and an open-minded approach play pivotal roles in nurturing a supportive environment where all children can flourish and thrive.

Recognising and celebrating these differences contribute to creating a vibrant learning environment.

Universal Design for Learning (UDL): A Pathway to Inclusivity

UDL recognises that children possess varying learning approaches, strengths, and challenges.

By employing multiple means of representation, educators can present information in diverse ways, such as through visual, auditory, or tactile means.

For instance, incorporating pictorial representations alongside text in storybooks develops both visual and linguistic abilities, ensuring that challenge and engagement is at the heart of all learning opportunities and experiences.

By offering multiple means of engagement, you are encouraging active participation and motivation from the start.

Interactive learning activities, games, and collaborative activities provide opportunities for children to engage based on their preferences and strengths.

For instance, a child who struggles with verbal communication might excel in a collaborative art project, allowing them to express their understanding and creativity.

Furthermore, UDL supports providing multiple means of expression, enabling children to demonstrate their comprehension and knowledge in various ways.

Some children might prefer verbal explanations, while others might excel in conveying their understanding through drawings, model-making, or other forms of expression.

Allowing diverse avenues for expression celebrates the individual strengths of each learner.

Total Communication Environment: Enriching Inclusive Settings

Another critical aspect of fostering inclusivity in early years education involves creating a total communication environment.

Total communication encompasses various modes of communication, including verbal language, sign language, visual supports, gestures, and augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems.

By embracing a total communication approach, educators ensure that all children, regardless of their communication abilities, can effectively participate and engage in learning experiences.

For instance, incorporating visual schedules, picture exchange systems, or communication boards supports children with communication challenges, facilitating their understanding and participation in daily routines and activities.

It’s important to engage children in regular conversations about their day, interests, and feelings. Ask open-ended questions to encourage them to share more details and expand their language skills. Or describe daily activities or routines as you do them together. This helps build vocabulary and comprehension skills.

For example, when cooking, talk about the ingredients, actions, and steps involved.

Ensure that the opportunity to read books aloud together happens as often as possible.

Encourage children to ask questions, make predictions about the story, and discuss the characters and events.

This fosters language development and strengthens engagement. Incorporate visual supports like picture books, flashcards, or drawings to reinforce learning.

Visual aids can assist in understanding concepts and encourage communication, you can then expand on their words or sentences. For instance, if they say, "Doggy," you can respond with, "Yes, that's a big brown doggy playing in the park".

Additionally, introducing basic sign language or simple gestures in the classroom promotes communication and understanding among all children, creating an inclusive and supportive atmosphere.

Above all foster an environment where communication is encouraged and valued. Encourage turn-taking during conversations, and praise and acknowledge your child's efforts to communicate effectively.

Remember every child develops at their own pace. Be patient, supportive, and encouraging, celebrating their progress and efforts along the way.

Collaboration with Specialists and Families

In building an inclusive early childhood education environment, collaboration with specialists and families is paramount.

Specialists, such as speech therapists, occupational therapists, and behavioural analysts, offer invaluable expertise and support in addressing the diverse needs of children. Working together with these professionals enables educators to implement targeted strategies that cater to individual requirements.

Moreover, fostering strong partnerships with families creates a supportive network that reinforces inclusive practices both at home and in educational settings. Families provide invaluable insights into a child's strengths, interests, and challenges, facilitating a holistic approach to supporting each child's development.

Continuing Professional Development in UDL and Inclusive Practices

To effectively implement UDL and create inclusive environments, ongoing professional development is essential for educators.

Training sessions, workshops, and seminars focused on UDL principles, assistive technology, inclusive teaching strategies, and understanding diverse learning needs, empower educators to refine their practices continually.

It equips them with the knowledge and tools necessary to adapt and tailor their approaches to meet the changing needs of learners in an inclusive classroom.

Conclusion: Nurturing Inclusive Environments for Lifelong Learning

In conclusion, the journey toward inclusive early years education involves embracing diversity, implementing UDL principles, fostering a total communication environment, collaborating with specialists and families, and investing in continuous professional development.

By integrating these elements, educators create nurturing environments where every child feels valued, supported, and capable of reaching their full potential.

Ultimately, the commitment to inclusivity in early childhood education extends far beyond the classroom; it lays the groundwork for a future society where diversity is not merely acknowledged but celebrated.

Empowering young learners with inclusive experiences during their formative years paves the way for a more equitable and inclusive world. [ITL]

A version of this blog first appeared on the Parenta website in December 2023.

About the author

Dr Sarah Moseley

Dr Sarah Moseley is a specialist in helping schools embrace neurodiversity in the classroom to ensure all learners access the curriculum. With a particular focus on literacy and oracy, she is in demand for her work helping to transform EYFS and primary settings.

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